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A comment to Reasoning about the thermal conductivity of a rigid body states,

I’m voting to close this question because it has "science-based" as a tag, but puts in conditions that explicitly deny known science, specifically, that contradict relativity.

This site regularly assumes that questions must conform to real-life, and so I feel it's important to clarify the tag summary and the tag wiki. The summary reads:

For questions that require answers based on hard science, not magic or pseudo-science, but do not require scientific citations.

Which suggests that the first linked question should be closed for failing to meet the expectations of the tag. However, the wiki includes...

Questions with this tag should be answered, as far as possible, based on known scientific facts or reasonable extrapolations from those, but answers are not required to provide scientific citations. ... Most answers on Worldbuilding are expected to be based on logic and, to some degree, science by default, so even questions without this tag may receive scientific answers. However, the use of this tag indicates that the asker wants specifically science based answers....

Which is a lot less demanding than the summary suggests. My question is based on the following investigation, "Does it make sense that we should or should not use the tag when asking for a real-life science-based answer to a question that has worldbuilding rules that diverge from known science?"

My opinion: It is my opinion that tags scope the answer, not the question. This, despite the fact that most wikis (including that for ) talk about their attachment to the question. If I'm right in this opinion, then a casual effort to begin cleaning up wikis so they reflect this would be appreciated. If my opinion is in error, then we have a problem, because there isn't a convenient tag that expresses the idea, "given the rules of my world, does this circumstance reflect (or could it reflect) real-world science?" In a sense, the OP might have needed to choose rather than , but that, too, would not have reflected exactly what they were looking for.

Question: Should the tag summary and wiki be updated to reflect the OP's desire that answers should, as far as possible, reflect real-life science rather than demanding that the answers reflect only real-life science? Said another way, should the wiki be modified to reflect the summary, or should the summary be modified to reflect the wiki?

1. Please note that the first linked question is on the verge of closure due to this very issue.

2. In a sense, I'm asking where the line between "science" and "pseudo-science" is drawn. All world rules that vary from what we "know to be true" in real life could be said to reflect "pseudo-science." However, that's kinda the point of this site... to help people develop an alternative-science (aka "pseudo-science") that can be consistently used to develop stories. It's a tough row to hoe if we start punishing people for trying to create a world rule that both meets their needs and can be expressed in the context of real-life or varies as little as possible from real-life.

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  • $\begingroup$ I hope I understood everything right! If it seems like I went off base let me know! $\endgroup$
    – elemtilas
    Jul 17 at 19:48
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OPINION:
If we define "science based" as adhering to "all world rules adhere to real-life science" then we're basically creating a (near vs actual) synonym for the Hard Science tag. The only distinction would become one of need for equations and papers while the other wouldn't. It would be Science Lite.

DISCUSSION:
Because Worldbuilding deals so frequently with the irrealis --- dragons and winged people being commonplace hereabouts --- and many of these questions are indeed tagged as Science Based (this dragon query, e.g.), I'd argue that respondents to such a science based answer ought to approach the question more liberally.

For example, a respondent should "build upon" science --- use one's knowledge of biology, anatomy, physics and so forth --- even to the point of creating a new science, in order to give the best answer. We should not be limiting ourselves to real world science --- that's what Hard Science is for.

The Hard Science answer is "no, and here are the relevant physics equation and papers describing why dragons can't be". The Science Based answer is going to have to work with the math, but ought not be limited to it. The science and the resulting answer don't have to be realistic.

While it's true that many questions here demand a real life scenario, many others do not. Science, in the realms of fantasy and even sci-fi, does not need to be limited to what we know of science in the real world. While questions of these kinds ought to be treated seriously in their scientific principles, there's no reason to stop there. This is also a highly creative forum, and good answers ought to call upon creativity as much as or more than mere number crunching.

As for your subquestion: pseudoscience is just science that works in some other universe. There is absolutely no reason why it can not be called upon, in a serious and sober fashion, to be put to the service of a fictional world in the same way ordinary science ought to be.

Take-away: we as respondents need to apply creativity as much as scientific sobriety when approaching queries that don't fit the 100% real world model.

CONCLUSION:
I'd vote no for this one, because science must feed art, rather than dominate art.

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    $\begingroup$ As usual, we're on the same wavelength. I feel that science-based has, indeed, become a practical synonym for hard-science in that the answer must reflect real life. Evidence of this is the number of questions asking whether or not some fantastic creature "can evolve" or "can exist" and the science-based tag is supposed to indicate some magical effort to conjure the creature in the real world. It's almost as if the Anatomically Correct Series has stopped being a means of rationalizing fiction and has, instead, justified the idea that all fiction should reflect fact. $\endgroup$ Jul 18 at 3:12
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    $\begingroup$ I'd be delighted if the science-based summary and wiki reflected what you explained: that science should be used where possible, but the answer is not bound by science. In other words, "You know, the way an Eagle's wing is built is a good start for rationalizing your dragon... it just needs a few tweaks like these..." is the kind of answer science-based should produce. $\endgroup$ Jul 18 at 3:14

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