The metrics for "opinion based" and "too broad" are something we continuously grapple with here, so don't worry if your first question has trouble. It's something even I have trouble with.
The first step is to ask questions, so good job coming to Meta. You came to the right place to seek clarification!
To answer the question you've asked here, we can answer questions about "alien cultures" because we know what a culture is. We may find the culture.. well.. alien, but we know it will resemble something we are familair enough with to have chosen the word "culture." If your alien was too alien for that word, then the question probably would have used a phrase like "alien group dynamics" or "alien group structure."
So we have to be really dependent on word choice for making some of these questions fit. I know I've made some poor word choices which rendered questions unusable until they were fixed.
Within the topic of an "alien culture," there are patterns we can use. For example, relationships will either be symmetric or asymmetric. "Friend" is a symmetric relationship (usually). "Father" and "son" is an asymmetric one. If you have an asymmetric relationship, it might be hierarchial, or cyclical, or so on. These broad pattens can become the basis for answering questions about an alien culture.
Now you'll note that this entire answer so far has been about alien cultures, because that's what your meta question is about. However, when I look at your question, I see a question which is more about an interaction between humans an aliens. Don't worry, everything above still has its use!
The tricky thing about your first encounters situation is that it's a cusp event. Its a single short event which completely defines the timeline you are looking at. This is the difference between a story of two great civilizations coming together as one, or World War 4. These kinds of events are very difficult for WorldBuilding to provide. They are so incredibly important to your story and they also involve a great deal of creativity and the impulse required to take the initiative.
I'd recommend either taking this to the Sandbox, a meta question where you can refine questions, or the Product Testing chat room, where you can discuss issues about your question in depth in a discussion setting (back and forth discussions are wonderful for this sort of thing).
If I were to recommend a reframing, I'd focus on the human side of the puzzle. The end result you want is a peaceful introduction of the aliens to the humans and vice versa. What sort of interactions would humans recognize as friendly? That sort of question can be grounded symmetrically: we've sent out messages and such with the expressed intent of being friendly, which shows generally what we expect from a friend in return.
You can then restrict this by pointing out that your species is telepathic. More importantly, describe how that affects the messages that the species might send. Do they comprehend our concept of a linear language? (if not, is this species capable of thinking linear logical thoughts?) How do they interact with their environment? Do they treat all non-telepathic entities as animals, and are just starting to discover that humans just might be people? These are the useful criteria needed to shape the answers given, but note that they aren't the question themselves. The question was about human behaviors. The alien part is shaping it.
And then I'd recommend reading Ender's Game. Because that book is very relevant. (Read the book, rather than watching the movie. The book goes far more in depth into the particularly relevant bits)